A A measure of how well a Hard Drive responds to typical consumer access patterns. Toshiba P300 ~= 100%.
There are a multitude of different speeds associated with any type of storage device (sequential, random, deep queue). When estimating how well a device will perform, it is essential to make reasonable assumptions about the type of access patterns that the device will be used for. Most consumer hard drives are used as a combination of storage and system drive. Following massive reductions in the price of RAM over recent years typical desktop computers now have enough RAM to cache a reasonable proportion of system files. The real world hard drive speed is weighted as 37.5% sequential read, 37.5% sequential write, 12.5% 4K read and 12.5% 4k write. This set of weights favours large files and is therefore slightly skewed towards storage drives rather than system drives (an SSD should normally be used for system drives).

 

See a list of current drives sorted by effective speed here.

The Best.
CPUGPUSSD
Intel Core i7-7700K $310Nvidia GTX 1070 $410Samsung 850 Evo 250GB $88
AMD Ryzen 7 1700 $295AMD RX 480 $265Samsung 850 Pro 256GB $119
Intel Core i5-7600K $210Nvidia GTX 1060-6GB $265Samsung 850 Evo 500GB $150
HDDRAMUSB
Seagate Barracuda 1TB (2016) $45G.SKILL Trident Z DDR4 3200 C14 4x16GB $711SanDisk Extreme 64GB $33
Seagate Barracuda 3TB (2016) $77Corsair Vengeance LPX DDR4 3000 C15 2x8GB $152SanDisk Extreme 32GB $18
Seagate Barracuda 7200.14 1TB $57HyperX Fury DDR4 2133 C14 2x8GB $144SanDisk Extreme 16GB $20
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