A A measure of how well a Hard Drive responds to typical consumer access patterns. Toshiba P300 ≈ 100%.
There are a multitude of different speeds associated with any type of storage device (sequential, random, deep queue). When estimating how well a device will perform, it is essential to make reasonable assumptions about the type of access patterns that the device will be used for. Most consumer hard drives are used as a combination of storage and system drive. Following massive reductions in the price of RAM over recent years typical desktop computers now have enough RAM to cache a reasonable proportion of system files. The real world hard drive speed is weighted as 37.5% sequential read, 37.5% sequential write, 12.5% 4K read and 12.5% 4k write. This set of weights favours large files and is therefore slightly skewed towards storage drives rather than system drives (an SSD should normally be used for system drives).

 

See a list of current drives and their effective speeds here.

The Best.
CPUGPUSSD
Intel Core i5-9400F $143AMD RX 580 $172Samsung 850 Evo 250GB $86
AMD Ryzen 5 3600 $198Nvidia GTX 1660 $220Samsung 850 Evo 500GB $103
Intel Core i5-9600K $219AMD RX 5700 XT $400Samsung 850 Pro 256GB $195
HDDRAMUSB
Seagate Barracuda 1TB (2016) $40Corsair Vengeance LPX DDR4 3000 C15 2x8GB $75SanDisk Extreme 64GB $128
WD Blue 1TB (2012) $40G.SKILL Trident Z DDR4 3200 C14 4x16GB $695SanDisk Extreme 32GB $48
Seagate Barracuda 3TB (2016) $80Corsair Vengeance LPX DDR4 3200 C16 2x8GB $80SanDisk Extreme 16GB $24
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